Gingviectomy is a technology term that is also referred to as flap surgery, and involves removing and closing any pockets that have been created through bacteria and tartar.

All of our mouths house bacteria, and when this bacteria is allowed to feed on the plaque from our food it creates acid which will demineralize the outsides of our teeth. Over time, if not treated, this bacteria and acid will also cause gum disease.

Once the gum is infected, it will cause the gums to flare up and inflame, and in the process gums and bone tissue can be destroyed once the bacteria goes below the gum line. Pockets will then form in the gum line between the teeth, and once these deepen it is possible for teeth to fall out.

Gum disease will continue to get worse if not treated, and large colonies of bacteria can set up home in gum pockets. That is why flap surgery is so important, because it works to break the cycle of teeth loss, and also removes a large amount of the bacteria.

Reasons To Have Pocket Reduction Surgery

Pocket reduction surgery, as it is also known, is a tried and tested way to make sure that bacteria is removed from the mouth, reducing the inflammation of the gums and saving teeth. The key reasons why dentists use it as a treatment option are:

  • To reduce bacteria: once bacteria have made a home in your mouth, it is very possible that they can spread through your bloodstream to other parts of your body, and this can cause strokes and heart attacks
  • To prevent bone loss: if oral bacteria is left alone, it can end up destroying the very bone from your jaw, making all of your teeth much more loose and more likely to fall out
  • To make oral hygiene easier: it can be almost impossible to really clean gum pockets at home with a normal toothbrush, and this means that the bacteria is never stopped from growing
  • To enhance the smile: teeth and gums that look unhappy and infected do not look good, and so to prevent this from happening, pocket reduction surgery is vital

What Is Involved In Pocket Reduction Surgery?

Your dentist will take x-rays of your mouth and jawbone, and then take a visual examination of your teeth, gums, and bone in order to assess whether you require and are suitable for gum disease. If you are the right candidate for the surgery and you require it, your dentist will discuss with you whether you wish it to be under general or local anaesthetic.

During the surgery, the gums will be pulled back so that the bacteria, plaque, and tartar can be removed. After this, root planing and scaling will be performed in order to remove any tartar from the very root of your tooth. After this has been done, a liquid that is anti-microbial will be applied in order to kill any remaining bacteria, and to kick start the healing process. The gums are then replaced and have stitches put into them that will remain there for five to ten days.

Gums will always be more sensitive straight after the surgery, but in many cases it can lead to a real change in a person’s oral and dental health, with a great improvement to their gums especially.

To make an appointment with Dr. Woods for a free consultation about Pocket Reduction Surgery, call (619) 640-5100.

San Diego Dental Staff